Festivals and Public Holidays in the Czech Republic

Public Holidays in the Czech RepublicBoth American and Czech holidays are observed by the Commission during the year. The Commission, as well as the U.S. Embassy, will be closed to the public on these days.

In the Czech Republic classes begin around October 1 at universities, September 1 in high schools. The two-week Christmas break begins a few days before Christmas. The fall semester at universities ends in December or mid-January, followed by exams and a one-week break and the spring semester starts mid-February. There are a couple of days off before Easter each year. University classes end late May, and final exams end late June. High schools finish at the end of June.

List of public holidays in the Czech Republic

  • 1 January – Following parties on New Year’s Eve (Silvestr), New Year’s Day is spent visiting relatives.
  • Easter Monday – Former pagan custom with decorated Easter eggs and streamers, switch braided from willow branches (pomlázka).
  • 1 May – May Day with decorated May poles in the villages.
  • 8 May – End of Second World War. Liberation (1945).
  • 5 July – Greek missionaries of Christianity, Saints Cyril and Methodius began their mission among the Slavic peoples of Great Moravia (862). They are credited with devising the Glagolitic alphabet, the first alphabet used to transcribe the Old Church Slavonic language.
  • 6 July – Death of Jan Hus, the important medieval Church reformer (1415).
  • 28 September – St. Wenceslaus’s Day (St. Václav – patron saint of the Czech lands), Day of the Czech lands sovereignty.
  • 28 October – Proclamation of Czechoslovakia’s Independence (1918).
  • 17 November – Day of the fight of students for freedom and democracy (1939, 1989.)
  • 24 December – Christmas Eve, Štědrý večer, is the traditional time when the family comes together to feast and exchange presents. The traditional dish is fried carp and potato salad.
  • 25 December – Christmas Day, Boží hod.
  • 26 December – Christmas Day, St. Štěpán´s Day (families visit relatives).